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雅思part 3 素材 | 家具的重要性

楼主:KristyFunkyEnglish 时间:2020-04-30 04:00:59


在今年9-12月的雅思口语话题当中,出现了一题让学生都为之虎躯一震不知道如何下手的题目就是“家具”


对啊,家具没神马好说的嘛!不就是用来睡睡觉,吃吃饭,放放衣服的嘛!



那如果你换个角度想一想,这个家具它是结合高科技的呢?


就像自动贩卖机一样,你轻轻一按,它就会自动出现在你面前,这样你不也就不用总是忧愁衣柜乱得跟坨翔一样了咩。



如果这件家具是出自你家亲人之手,比如你爸爸,你爷爷。然后再想一想他们制作过程中的艰辛,你是否又感受到一种温情在里面。


如果你的脑洞够大开,你可以想一想,也许你看到的这件家具是充满想象力的。


它的一整套都是处于不规则,可变性。它可以根据你的个人喜好去调整家具的排列组合。


这么看来,相对单板的传统家具又多了一丝可人之处。



所以对于每一个part 2话题,它都没有特别难的地方,关键就在于你是否懂得拆分角度,将1分解成N,然后再从每个角度去思考问题。


同时,针对于这个话题,你也需要搞清楚,furniture(家具), home appliance(家用电器) 以及 lighting equipment(灯具)是否属于同一个范畴的?


这不是一个个别的现象而是普遍,甚至有些正在教雅思的老师都没有弄清楚,家具,电器和灯具是属于各自领域范围内的东西。



之前有个学生告诉我,他想讲的家具是一个很可爱的灯。Sorry, 等你提到灯这个东西的时候,你已经离题了。灯具属于装饰,因为现在的家用灯具往往都具有装饰的功能。


那么为什么家具和电器又不是属于一块的呢?不如我们先来看一下它们各自的定义:


Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating (chairs, stools and sofas), eating (tables), and sleeping (beds).


家具也就是指那些可移动的物品,它们是用来支持各种各样人类的生活的,比如用来坐的(椅子,凳子,沙发),用来吃饭的(桌子)以及用来睡觉的(床)。



Furniture is also used to hold objects at a convenient height for work (as horizontal surfaces above the ground, such as tables and desks), or to store things (cupboards and shelves). Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art.


家具同时也是用来放东西的,它往往会位于一个舒服的高度用来工作(平行于地面之上,比如桌子、办公桌),或者用来储藏东西(橱柜和架子)。家具也可以是一种设计,是一种装饰艺术。


Home appliances are electrical/mechanical machines which accomplish some household functions,such as cooling/heating, cooking or cleaning.


家用电器就是那些机械设备,用来实现一些家庭智能,比如冷藏、加热,烧饭或清洗。



Home appliances can be classified into:

家用电器可以分为:


  • Major appliances, or white goods 

    大家电或白色家电


Major appliances,also known as white goods, comprise major household appliances and may include: air conditioners, dishwashers, clothes dryers, drying cabinets, freezers, refrigerators, kitchen stoves, water heaters, washing machines, trash compactors, microwave ovens and induction cookers. White goods were typically painted or enameled white, and many of them still are.


大家电也被叫做白色家电,主要包括空调,洗碗机,烘干机,干燥箱,冷柜,冰箱,煤气灶,热水器, 洗衣机, 垃圾压缩机,微波炉以及电磁炉。大家电之所以被叫做白色家电,是因为它们往往被涂上了白色的颜色, 现在很多的家电依旧还是这一个颜色。


  • Small appliances

    小家电


Small appliances are typically small household electrical machines, also very useful and easily carried and installed.


小家电也就是那些非常典型的小型的家用电子设备。这些小家电都非常有用,同时携带方便,易于安装。



Consumer electronics, or brown goods in regions with UK influence 


消费品或受英国文化影响叫黑色家电


Consumer electronics or home electronics are digital equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.


消费品或者家用电子设备就是指那些每家每户日常都会用的数字设备。


Consumer electronics include devices used for entertainment (flatscreen TVs, DVD players, video games, remote control cars, etc.), communications (telephones, cell phones, e-mail-capable laptops, etc.), and home-office activities (e.g., desktop computers, printers, paper shredders, etc.).


这些家用电子设备包括娱乐设备(平板电视,DVD播放机,电子游戏设备,遥控车等等),通信设备(有线电话,无线电话,可发邮件的电脑)以及家用办公设备(比如台式电脑,打印机,碎纸机等)


In British English, they are often called brown goods by producers and sellers, to distinguish them from "white goods" such as washing machines and refrigerators.


在英国,厂家和售货员往往叫他们黑色家电,这也是用来区分白色家电的,比如洗衣机,冰箱。

现在你应该搞清楚它们各自的定义及区别了吧。


那么现在我们再来看一看家具的功能又是如何来体现的。


Furniture is one of the most important in the body of interior designed, which gives the real look of idea in the interior of the house and shows the meaning of the interior.


家具是室内设计中最重要的组成部分之一,它给室内设计以真实的视觉效果,表现了室内的意义。


It is a reality that a properly landscaped residence will have much better appeal and add worth to your home so if you have a lovely home make it far more gorgeous with delicate furniture.


一个适当的景观住宅确实会有更好的吸引力并增加家庭的价值,所以如果你有一个可爱的家,不妨用一些精致的家具使它变得更华丽。


知识点:

interior n. 内部;adj. 内部的

The interior of the house was furnished with heavy, old-fashioned pieces.

房内摆设着些笨重、老式的家具。


exterior n. 外部;adj. 外部的--facade n. 正面,外观

the repairs to the building’s facade

该建筑物正面墙的维修



  • The most important function of furniture --- --- furniture defines function of room. 家具最重要的功能 --- 家具定义空间的功能。


What are the essential furnishings needed to design a bedroom? What about a dining space? I bet that you didn’t need to think very hard to answer either of those questions. That’s because we use the furniture in a room as context clues. They provide us with essential information about the space’s purpose.


设计一个卧室必要的家具是什么?换成餐厅又是如何?我敢打赌你不需要费很大的心思就能回答这两个问题。那是因为有我们房间里使用的家具作为背景线索。它们为我们提供了关于空间目的的重要信息。



  • Furniture Shows Personal Style. 家具展示个人风格。


The furniture you choose to allow to fill your rooms is undoubtedly an expression of your unique sense of style. After all, some of us may flip over the simplicity of Scandinavian interiors, while others may prefer the collectivist comfort of a more eclectic design. Either way, the pieces that we allow into our homes speak volumes about our personalities.


你选择用来填满你房间的家具,这无疑是你独特风格的表现。毕竟,我们中的一些人可能会狂热于精简的斯堪的纳维亚风格,而另一些人可能更喜欢更为折中的设计所带来的集体主义舒适感。不管是哪种情况,我们允许放在家里的那些物件充分说明了我们的个性。


知识点:

flip over  对...爱的发狂【俚语】

He flipped over his lover friend.

他对爱人爱得发狂。


simplicity n. 朴素,简易

I like simplicity in life.

生活中我喜欢简单。


collectivist n. 集体主义者; adj. 集体主义的

collectivist ideals 集体主义的理想



  • Improve our comfort and happiness. 家具增加舒适度幸福感:


Furniture such as bed and sofa can provide us with convenience when we want to have a rest. Staying in a space full of carefully-selected furniture can greatly improve our comfort and happiness.


很多家具,像床,沙发之类的,都能为我们进行休息提供极大的便利。待在一个有自己精心挑选的家具的空间里,会大大提高我们的舒适度和幸福感。



  • Make the house tidier: 为我们收纳整理提供帮助:


Furniture like wardrobe, which is very big and seems to occupy much room, actually has a very important function. It can hold many items and at the same time, making the house look cleaner.


像衣柜这样的大件家具,看起来非常占空间,实际上具有非常重要的功能,它能容纳很多物品,同时也使整个房子看起来更整洁。



所以你觉得家具重要么?


What are the functions of furnitures?



文∣Kristy   图片∣来自网络



Kristy


毕业于英国约克大学,现任杭州新航道雅思口语老师。


央视纪录片翻译,之前翻译完成纪录片《世界上的另一个我》以及姚明的公益纪录片《与姚明一起仰望星空》。


大三时便替浙江精神病研究协会翻译一部分《麻省精神病医学书》,但也差点把自己翻译成神经病患者。


上课总时长已超4000小时


深根线上教育近3年,但对自我的描述应该是“过气的网红口语老师”更加合适。


工作经验横跨互联网公关,互联网运营,互联网投资,互联网教育。

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